Many individuals fail to have success at losing the extra pounds they need to despite considerable efforts to exercise enough and eat the proper foods. Some obese individuals in Ridgewood, NJ need to lose weight because their condition is causing other illnesses, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. People who have tried everything else without success should talk to bariatric surgeons NJ residents depend on for effective weight control.
After undergoing bariatric surgery, patients are committed to a lifetime of changes associated with the way they consume food. Many of the procedures are irreversible and they alter the digestive process. Surgeons achieve this by reconfiguring how the small intestine and stomach interact with each other. Patients are able to consume smaller amounts of food and still feel full.
The four most common surgeries are the gastric bypass, the gastric band, the duodenal switch, and the vertical sleeve gastrectomy. The adjustable gastric band fits over the top portion of the stomach to limit its capacity to hold food. Instead of being able to hold approximately three pints, the stomach can only hold about one ounce. The surgeon can adjust the band as needed by injecting saline.
A gastric bypass is slightly more invasive than the gastric band insertion. In this procedure, the surgeon makes the patient\’s stomach smaller by stapling the tissue together. This surgery requires a second step. The surgeon reroutes the stomach to empty into the intestine beyond the duodenum. After this surgery, the body absorbs fewer nutrients and calories.
The duodenal switch procedure is the most effective, the most complicated, and the riskiest of the bariatric surgical procedures. The surgeon removes some of the stomach and detaches it from only a portion of the duodenum. The small intestine is reconfigured so food only passes through part of it. Patients who opt for this surgery must understand the results are irreversible and they will have to supplement their diet with vitamins and minerals for the rest of their lives.
Vertical sleeve gastrectomy is another procedure involving removing stomach tissue. The thin sleeve that remains connects the esophagus to the beginning portion of the small intestines. Patients are unable to eat as much after surgery and have lower levels of ghrelin, the hormone that triggers appetite.
All bariatric surgery procedures require lifelong lifestyle choices that patients must commit to if they want to keep the weight off over the long term. It can be difficult getting used to chewing food carefully and eating smaller meals. Many patients will be under a physician\’s care forever to monitor progress and make sure they are receiving the proper nutrition. Adopting a healthy diet and a rigorous exercise program are critical for keeping the weight off for good.
Individuals who had obesity related illnesses before the surgery will often see dramatic improvement in health after the procedure. They are at lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and severe sleep apnea. Surgery alone does produce short-term weight loss but patients must make healthy lifestyle choices about exercise and diet to enjoy long-term success with this type of weight loss program.
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